"New Negroes from Africa": Slave Trade Abolition and Free African Settlement in the Nineteenth-Century Caribbean

by Rosanne Marion Adderley

Published: November 2006
Publisher: Indiana University Press
Pages: 360
Paperback
ISBN: 9780253218278

       

Overview of "New Negroes from Africa": Slave Trade Abolition and Free African Settlement in the Nineteenth-Century Caribbean

In 1807 the British government outlawed the slave trade, and began to interdict slave ships en route to the Americas. Through decades of treaties with other slave trading nations and various British schemes for the use of non-slave labor, tens of thousands of Africans rescued from illegally operating slave ships were taken to British Caribbean colonies as free settlers. Some became paid laborers, others indentured servants. The encounter between English-speaking colonists and the new African immigrants are the focus of this study of the Bahamas and Trinidad—colonies which together received fifteen thousand of these "liberated Africans" taken from captured slave ships. Adderley describes the formation of new African immigrant communities in territories which had long depended on enslaved African labor. Working from diverse records, she tries to tease out information about the families of liberated Africans, the labor they performed, their religions, and the culture they brought with them. She addresses issues of gender, ethnicity, and identity, and concludes with a discussion of repatriation.

American Historical Society (AHA)
2007 Winner, Wesley-Logan Prize in African Diaspora History

Synopsis of "New Negroes from Africa": Slave Trade Abolition and Free African Settlement in the Nineteenth-Century Caribbean

In 1807 the British government outlawed the slave trade, and began to interdict slave ships en route to the Americas. Through decades of treaties with other slave trading nations and various British schemes for the use of non-slave labor, tens of thousands of Africans rescued from illegally operating slave ships were taken to British Caribbean colonies as free settlers. Some became paid laborers, others indentured servants. The encounter between English-speaking colonists and the new African immigrants are the focus of this study of the Bahamas and Trinidad--colonies which together received fifteen thousand of these "liberated Africans" taken from captured slave ships. Adderley describes the formation of new African immigrant communities in territories which had long depended on enslaved African labor. Working from diverse records, she tries to tease out information about the families of liberated Africans, the labor they performed, their religions, and the culture they brought with them. She addresses issues of gender, ethnicity, and identity, and concludes with a discussion of repatriation.

Choice

A complex study, extremely well researched and presented, and an important contribution to the cultural history of the African diaspora.

About the Author, Rosanne Marion Adderley

Rosanne Marion Adderley is Associate Professor of History at Tulane University in New Orleans, where she is also affiliated with the Stone Center for Latin American Studies, the Center for Cuban and Caribbean Studies, and the Program in African and African Diaspora Studies.

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Editorials

Journal of British Studies

"This interesting and well researched book makes a valuable contribution to our understanding of the multifaceted experiences of the "liberated Africans" who were brought in the nineteenth century to the Caribbean and, through them, to the cultural history of the African experience in the Americas." —Bridget Brereton, University of the West Indies, Journal of British Studies, Vol. 47.1 (Jan. 2008)

— Bridget Brereton, University of the West Indies

New West Indian Guide

"For the student of Caribbean culture, Adderley's work fills a gap in the available scholarship. Her study offers strong evidence that the creolization process in the Caribbean was neither a simple nor a unidirectional affair... Adderley's book is an important addition to any Caribbean library." —New West Indian Guide, Vol. 84, No. 3 & 4, 2010

Choice

"... A complex study, extremely well researched and presented, and an important contribution to the cultural history of the African diaspora.... Highly recommended." —Choice

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